fr GUdang : English Paper 1 PMR 1993 LPKPM. Bahasa Inggeris Kertas 1.

Posted on: August 24th, 2016 by admin

English Language Paper 1 – PMR year 1993. Board of Examination, Ministry of Education, Malaysia


Satu jam tiga puluh minit

Questions 1-7

Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Having a good friend and being a good friend, can enrich our days and bring us lifelong satisfaction. Friendships, however, do not just happen. Building lasting friendships takes time and effort. Many of us say, “I’d like to have more friends. I just don’t have the time.” Yet, we all have time for other things we really want to do. What makes someone a good friend? Here are some ways for building lasting friendships.
Note the little things

A good friend is someone who stands by us during difficult times. Simple little acts of caring keep friendships going: the birthday card, the greetings card to ask “How are you?” or to wish “good luck in your examinations”. Such thoughtful acts help strengthen friendships.
Share our feelings

Many people do not like telling friends their deepest feelings. They are also afraid to express their fears and disappointments. They think that if their friends know their weaknesses, they will not be liked. But this is not true. Good friends will support us and accept us for what we are.
Do not keep score

Very often, people start keeping score on the duties of friendship: who was the last one to write or phone? A French writer, Alexander Dumas, says that the art of friendship is “Forgetting what one gives, and remembering what one receives.” In other words, when we forget about what we may get in return compared with what we give, we will make more friends.
Let our friends be generous

It may be better to give than to receive. Just as we feel happy to help a friend, give him a chance to help us. Do not be too proud to accept a friend’s kindness or offer of help.
Laugh with our friends

A doctor and writer, Sir William Osler, called laughter “the music of life”. It is laughter that can brighten a friend’s day and bring good friends closer. Laughter can also help release tension. One day, Dr. Bernie S. Siegel, the author of the book “Peace, Love and Healing”, received a call from a friend who said, “I have nothing to live for. I just called to say goodbye because I’m going to commit suicide.” Siegel quickly answered, “If you do, I’ll never speak to you again.” The friend was shocked. Then, he started to laugh. Instead of shooting himself, he decided to go and see Siegel for a chat.

Friends can demand a lot from us but it is worthwhile helping them. Robert Louis Stevenson was right when he said, “A friend is a present you give yourself.”
1 In paragraph 1, the word satisfaction can best be replaced with

A contentment
B laughter
C health
D peace

2 Why are many people unwilling to let others know about their weaknesses?

A They do not want to trouble their friends.
B They are afraid their friends may not like them.
C They are afraid their friends may not help them.
D They do not want their friends to know about their feelings.

3 In paragraph 4, the phrase keeping score
refers to

A keeping a list of presents received
B keeping a count on the number of friends
C keeping a record of giving and receiving
D keeping an account of the offers of help

4 According to the passage, laughter helps to do the following except

5 Why did Dr. Siegel’s friend laugh?

A He wanted to shoot himself. B He had nothing to live for.
C He was amused by Dr. Siegel’s answer.
D He wanted to say goodbye to Dr.

6 Which of the following statements is not true?

A When you try to give, you will make more friends.
B Learning to receive is as important as giving.
C Friends should learn to laugh together.
D Friends should hide their emotions.

7 The passage is mainly about

A how to enrich friendships
B how to make time for friendships
C how to share happiness with friends
D how to receive presents from friends

Questions 8-14

Read the dialogue below carefully and answer the questions that follow.

(The class has just been divided into groups. Azlina, Aishah, Lee Hock and Rajes are in the same group.)

Is everybody ready? The first thing we have to do is to appoint a group leader and a secretary. Now, who will be our leader?

How about you, Azlina? You can be our leader.

Yes. Then, Aishah can be our secretary. She can write very fast and take down everything we say.
All right, I’ll try my best. Aishah, are you willing to take on the job? I feel honoured. Just let me get some paper and pencils.

Azlina: Right. Now, Puan Ivy would like us to report on the usefulness of the atlas. How about starting with the definition of atlas?
Lee Hock: That’s a good idea. Could we say that it is a book of maps? –

Rajes: Azlina: Aishah:

What if we say that it is a collection of maps.
A book of maps … a collection of maps? What do you think, Aishah?
Both sound quite correct to me. To be sure, let’s look it up in the dictionary. (Flipping through the dictionary)
Ah, here it is. An atlas is a bound collection of maps.

(Lee Hock, Rajes and Azlina agree that it is the best definition.)
Azlina: Now, let’s discuss the usefulness of the atlas. It is a good source of information. Rajes: Well, it shows us the five different continents and their surrounding seas and oceans.
Lee Hock: It also shows us the different countries of the world.

The world is changing so fast politically nowadays. Thirty years ago, some countries were known by different names.

With the break-up of certain countries into independent states, our present atlases will be out of date. A new one will have to be published soon.

Yes, there are really tremendous changes in the world today. But on the whole, we all agree that the atlas is useful in showing us the various countries of the world.
Countries at the same latitude generally experience the same type of climate. So, if we know from the atlas that country A is at the same latitude as country B, then we can say that they have a similar climate.

The atlas also gives us the locations of cities, towns, lakes, rivers and mountains in a certain country.

What’s more, some good atlases offer information on the different races, their cultures and religions.
Main roads and railway lines are also shown on the maps of major countries and cities. And all these are presented in colour.
We could say, then, that the atlas is useful in many ways and to almost everybody.
That’s right.

Is there anything else that we can add to our report? … If not, please write out our report and type it if you can, Aishah.

8 Who provided the best definition of an atlas?

A Rajes B Azlina C Aishah
D Lee Hock

9 In the dialogue, the words to appoint can best be replaced with

A to get
B to support C to look for D to decide on

10 Students would find the atlas useful in all the following except

– A it shows the physical features of countries
B it shows the leadership changes in the world.
C it shows the relationship between latitude and climate.
D it shows the continents and their surrounding seas and oceans.

11 In the sentence ” … then we can say that they have a similar climate.” the word they refers to

A countries A and B B various countries
C countries at different latitudes
D countries with similar physical features


12 According to the dialogue, what is the main requirement that a secretary should have?

A The determination to do one’s best
B The willingness to co-operate with others
C The skill to look for the required information
D The ability to write down quickly what is being said

13 Which of the following is true of the dialogue?

A Aishah had a good collection of maps. B Puan Ivy wanted every student to
write a report.
C Lee Hock gave a lot of information about atlases.
D Rajes was given the honour of writing the report.

14 We can say that Azlina is a good group leader mainly because

A she can listen and write well
B she has been appointed by the group
C she can give all the information required
D she has guided her friends in the discussion

Questions 15–21

Read the following report and answer the questions that follow.

Sekolah Menengah Setia Get-Together To Promote a Caring Society by A. B. Cassim

PENANG, Thurs.-A two-day get-together with the theme “Caring People For A Happy
Society” was held at Sekolah Menengah Setia in Bandar Ria last week.

About 1,000 students and 50 teachers worked together with 80 parents to promote the theme through various activities.

There was a slogan-writing competition. Lena Chan of Form Three was judged the winner with her slogan: “Give as if you are receiving-and you will give your best.”

The story-telling competition drew the larg st crowd. The audience was very touched by some …._,_
of the stories of the younger students. Rahimah Hassan of Form One stole everybody’s heart with her story of “My Cat and I”. A Form Five student, S. Rajendran, won the Senior Section
competition with his account of how we can help one another in “Hand and Glove”.

The Form Four boys and girls organized a rather unusual competition. Each participant was given a dustbin, a paint brush and a set of enamel paint. The one to submit the best decorated dustbin in one hour would be the winner. Cik Lim, an English Language teacher of the school, was the winner. She painted cartoons on her dustbin.

The cooking competition drew many participants among parents, teachers and students. All competitors had to prepare a balanced meal for a family of two grandparents, parents and three school-going children. The meal must not cost more than 20 ringgit and it must be cooked within two hours. Each cooking team was limited to a maximum of three members. Encik Kardesa with his wife and son from Form Two walked away with the first prize hamper.

“When cooking for the family, one must prepare dishes that meet everyone’s needs. Old people prefer softer food. Growing children need to eat more meat. So, just fried chicken with rice cannot be considered a suitable meal for such a family,” said Encik Kardesa.

A demonstration by the Red Crescent Society and the Fire Department showed how to care for others in an emergency. The firemen showed how to use a fire extinguisher to put out a small fire.

All in all, the get-together at Sekolah Menengah Setia was a great success. Everyone present went away with the realization that a caring society is a happy society.

15 In the report, the word touched can best be replaced with

A moved
B excited
C concerned
D influenced

16 In paragraph 7, such a family refers to a family that
A prepares its own food
B has old and young members
C caters for everyone’s needs
D likes to eat soft food and meat

17 The most popular activity at the get­
together was
A the cooking competition
B the story-telling competition
C the slogan-writing competition
D the dustbin-painting competition

18 Which of the following is not true about the cooking competition?

A The cooking will be judged after two hours.
B The food that is cooked must be nourishing.
C All competitors must cook the food themselves.
D Teachers are not allowed to take part in the competition.


19 The following statements describe the efforts of the students except

A All the competitions were won by students.
B A Form Three student gave the best slogan.
C The younger students narrated their stories very well.
D The Form Four students organized a painting competition.

20 Which of the following can best describe those present at the get-together?
A Careful
B Helpful
C Competitive
D Co-operative

21 The get-together was considered a success because
A more than I ,000 people were present
B there were many activities for the students
C there was a greater awareness about a caring society
D parents and teachers were entertained by the students

Questions 22-28

Read the letter below carefully and answer the questions that follow.

3, Persiaran Setia, Taman Setia,

32650 Ipoh.

9 JULY 1993.
Dear Zalina,

Thank you for your interesting letter which I received two weeks ago. I enjoyed
reading about the talentime you helped to organize last term. -.

I have just returned from a trip to Singapore. We stayed with my aunt in her flat at West Coast Drive. My cousin, Chuan,. took us to an ice-skating rink somewhere in town-don’t ask me where! My two brothers, Don and Gavin, enjoyed themselves, but I was falling all over the place. I think my clumsiness quite embarrassed them. Chuan, as expected, took to the rink like a duck to water. He glided like a swan across the ice! The next day, our aunt drove us to the World Trade Centre from where we boarded a ferry for Sentosa Island. We spent the whole day there, visiting the various places of interest. The musical fountain was beautiful indeed.

We came back to Malaysia after a five-day stay. We stopped in Melaka for a day and in Kuala Lumpur for two days. Although the trip was enjoyable, it is good to be back home.

I am back in school now. At last there is something exciting happening in my school. A radio programme has just been started. Last week, the teacher in charge of the programme carried out an audition to choose radio announcers. You’ll be surprised at the number of students who turned up for the audition! Altogether about twenty were chosen. The selected students were instructed to prepare their own programmes based on various themes such as the environment, harmony, good health and so on. They also had to practise speaking through the microphone and time their programmes.

I enjoyed the first programme this morning. During the programme, suitable and catchy songs were played at regular intervals. I’m sure you would have enjoyed the programme too.

That’s all for now. I will tell you more in my next letter. Please convey my regards to Zarina, Makcik Ainon, Pakcik Roslan and the others in your family.

Keep smiling!

Your friend, Su Yen


22 When did Su Yen reply to her friend’s letter?

A Before visiting Melaka
B During her trip to Singapore
C After her school term started
D Immediately after receiving her friend’s letter

23 In paragraph 2, the expression ” … somewhere in town-don’t ask me where!” means that Su Yen does not

A want Zalina to know the place
B like her friend to ask her questions
C feel happy about her own clumsiness
D know the location of the ice-skating rink

24 The sentence He glided like a swan …
means that Chuan

A was showing off
B skated gracefully
C pretended to be a swan
D taught others how to skate

25 In paragraph 2, the word there refers to

A the ferry
B Sentosa Island
C places of interest
D the World Trade Centre


26 Su Yen visited the following places except

A Ipoh
B Kuala Lumpur
C the musical fountain
D the ice-skating rink

27 In paragraph 4, when Su Yen said At last,
she meant

A school had not been very exciting lately
B the last hour in school would be more exciting
C a radio programme was the last thing on her mind
D the radio programme was the last activity of the year

28 From the letter, we know that Zalina and
Su Yen

A are living in different parts of the same city
B are studying together in the same school
C have known each other only recently
D have been writing to each other

Questions 29-31

Complete the conversation in Situation A according to each of the underlined functions by selecting the best answer from the options A, B, C and D.
Situation A: Sharifah’s mother is trying to encourage her to take up some outdoor activity.

29 To Suggest

A I’m sorry to hear about it.
B It’s a pity you are so tired.
C Do you know why you are feeling so tired?
D Why don’t you take up some form of exercise?

31 To Offer Advice

A Don’t you agree with me?
B You should be ashamed of yourself.
C What are you doing indoors all the time?
D A young girl like you should exercise more often.

30 To Express Preference

A Don’t you think watching television is interesting?
B What do you think I should do? C I’m going to watch television.
D I’d rather watch television.


Questions 32-34

From the options A, B, C and D, select the answer which is closest in meaning to the expression underlined in the conversation.
Situation B: Mohan, the class monitor, addresses his class. Mohan: Attention, class.

Teachers’ Day is just around the corner. ….. (32) Miss Yee would like to know how we are going to celebrate it.

Norsiah: Let’s have a class party. Nina can bring her mother’s famous fried chicken.
Nina: I’m afraid not.
My mother is away visiting her sister. She won’t be back for a month.

….. (33)

May Lee: Let’s fry the chicken ourselves.
It may be a bit messy but fun. ….. (34)

Mohan: All right. Let’s do it.
32 Teachers’ Day is just around the corner.

A It will be Teachers’ Day soon.
B Wait for the teachers around the corner.
C The teachers are just around the corner.

34 It may be a bit messy but fun.

A The chicken will look terrible but it will be fun.
B The chicken will not taste good but it will be fun.
C We may not fry the chicken well but it

D Please prepare
Teachers’ Day.

33 I’m afraid not.

something for

will be fun.
D We may get dirty doing it but it will be fun.

A I’m afraid to fry the chicken. B I don’t think that is possible.
C I’m not afraid to bring fried chicken. D My mother’s fried chicken IS not

Questions 35-60

Each question in the texts below refers to a numbered blank. For each question, choose the best answer from the options A, B, C and D to fit the numbered blank.

Tourism in Malaysia is a money-making industry. The government is (35) its efforts to attract not only foreign tourists but local visitors as well. More medium-budget hotels, costing between one to three million ringgit, (36) built soon. They will be equipped with the minimum necessities. The rooms will be comfortable but there will be no coffee houses or expensive restaurants. (37), they may have vending machines or small restaurants outside the hotel (38) people can buy their food. It will not cost a person more than
70 ringgit a day for food and lodging.

The private sector also has (39) role to play in promoting tourism.

(40) the government will build the hotels, the management and maintenance of the hotels will be carried (41) by the private sector.
Cottage industries producing handicraft will be expanded on a large scale. Efforts are being made to produce souvenirs which are (42) functional than before. Items such as souvenir towels, table cloths, toothbrushes, paperweights and (43) are becoming more popular as tourist items than dolls or wood carvings.
Eating places

(44) regularly by the health authorities. This is to ensure a

(45) standard of cleanliness in the preparation of food.

Some of the local universities are also lending a hand. They (46) the Mara Institute of Technology in the near future to offer courses in hotel catering and tourism management. This is an effort (47) the shortage of manpower in the tourism industry.

Malaysia needs to gear herself to meet the target of 20 million tourists set by the government for the year 2000.
35 A increased 37 A So
B increasing B Hence
c to be increased c Instead
D to be increasing D For instance

36 A is 38 A whose B have B which c will c where
D will be D when


39 A a 44A inspect
c an the B
c inspecting
are inspected
D any D have inspected

40A Therefore 45 A big
B While B high
c Then c huge
D When D wide

41 A on 46A joined
B out B have joined
c along c shall join
D through D will be joining

42 A more 47 A overcomes
B many B overcoming
c most c to overcome
D the most D has overcome

43 A station
B stationer
c stationary
D stationery

Bring the road safety message directly to school children-that was one of the

suggestions given at a seminar on road safety. The participants
was (49) to teach road safety rules to children rather than to adults.

(48) that it

Such a programme would be useful as many school children (50) do not know about road safety. A visit to (51) two-session school at about
noon (52) that this is true.

Let (53) tell you what I saw recently. I (54) outside the
gate of (55) primary school in Jalan Blossom (56) children
began arriving for the afternoon session. Exactly at 12.45 p.m., the school bell rang and groups
of (57) pupils from the morning session came out of their classrooms. Some

were runmng

(58) the school gate. Others rushed for the school buses

which (59) across the road. There were only a few children who (60)

the traffic rules.
48 A agree 53 A myself
B agreed B my
c to agree c me
D are agreeing D I

49 A easy 54 A have waited
B easier B was waiting c easiest c am waiting D the easiest D wait

50 A still 55 A a
B never B an
c seldom c any
D hardly D another

51 A any 56 A as
B many B but
c a few c since
D a lot D although

52 A proved 57 A top
B will prove B average
c shall prove c excited
D was provmg D interested


58 A in 60A observed
B at B observing
c across c to observe
D towards D will observe

59 A is parking
B are parking
c were parked
D have parked



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